How to soothe your baby using the “Five S’s”

The video below shows how to apply the “5 S’s System” developed by pediatrician Dr. Harvey Karp to soothe a fussy baby. Dr. Harvey Karp is a board-certified pediatrician, child development specialist, Assistant Professor of Pediatrics at the USC School of Medicine, and author of the book and DVD The Happiest Baby on the Block.

According to Dr. Karp, five simple steps (swaddling, side/stomach position, shushing, swinging and sucking) will trigger a baby’s calming reflex (the automatic reset switch that can stop a baby’s crying and boost a baby’s sleep during the first months of life). The calming reflex only works when it is triggered exactly in the right way. For example, swaddling must be tight so they feel like they are still in the womb and the shushing sounds must be loud to replicate the whooshing sounds they constantly hear in the womb.

Additionally, a recent study published in the journal Pediatrics has identified the 5 S’s System as an effective method to soothe babies after immunizations. For more information about the study go to

For more information about Dr. Karp’s techniques for soothing crying babies, go to


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